In chronological order, here are our choices for mixtapes that need to be added to streaming services next. In the interest of keeping things concise, we have limited ourselves to selecting no more than one mixtape per artist.
Cape Verde provided skilled sailors and workers for the whaling ships from New England and the Netherlands. Since those ships concluded their multiyear voyages by signing off the crew at their home ports, large Cape Verdean communities came into existence in New England and Northern Europe. The first U.S. Consulate in Cape Verde was established in 1816 to protect the whaling fleet and its crews. In the 20th Century, Cape Verdeans in the United States established themselves across the continent, and are now found as far away as Hawaii. In all, there are more Cape Verdeans living outside the archipelago than within it, including an estimated 350,000 in America. Senegal and Angola each have tens of thousands of Cape Verdeans. There are emigrants in Portugal, Italy, Luxembourg, France (10-15,000) and Holland (8-10,000). There are substantial numbers in Argentina, Brazil, Spain and Sweden. These processes have given Cape Verde its international connections and perspectives, with a constant flow and interchange of peoples to other parts of the world.
Without a doubt, it's the internationally recognized music of Cape Verde that holds center stage. Music underpins Cape Verdean life. There are several musical forms that have evolved over the last 500 years. Some are essentially European, some are African and many lie in between the two. Latin American and Brazilian rhythms and styles can also be recognized. For such a small country, the variety of music seems unending. Types of music range from the more traditional, Portuguese-influenced Morna, with its bittersweet, melancholy sound created from the interplay of guitars and violins, to the livelier Funana with its African roots and unique percussion based rhythms. Like the Funana, the Tabanka and Batuko contain powerful rhythms, simple harmonies and much repetition. Another principal form of traditional music is the popular Coladera, which is a fast, danceable music with singing that is influenced by Afro-American music. Music making happens everywhere - in the nightclubs of Mindelo where people dance all night, in restaurants and in people's homes.
With the gradual growth of the tourist trade, locally produced crafts are becoming increasingly available. These include horn and lava carvings, weavings of the traditional "pano" cloths and pottery from local clays. A more adventuresome way to experience the arts is to simply venture (best by foot) into the rural villages. One will often stumble upon a group of musicians or local celebrations in which you will be welcomed to observe or even participate.
Available fruits include bananas, mangoes, papaya, passion-fruit, and imported apples, grapes, kiwi and citrus fruits. Potatoes, carrots, squash, cucumbers, tomatoes, onions, green peppers, green beans, eggplant and lettuce are almost always available, while seasonal stocks of more exotic fruits and vegetables (such as strawberries and broccoli) have longer seasons and better quality than a few years ago. Dried beans and manioc are always in the market. Some frozen vegetables can also be found, including peas, corn, green beans, and sometimes spinach and broccoli. While there are some fruits and vegetables not commonly found in the U.S., the availability of fresh herbs and the variety of vegetables overall is less than that found in Washington, D.C. area supermarkets.
Most of the stores tend to buy through the same wholesalers/importers-which means that when one runs out, they all do. The wholesalers also seem to buy and ship what is available at a good price. Thus, the items in the stores tend to be what came in on the last ship. So some goods, even basics, can be occasionally unavailable. Fresh dairy products, with the exception of excellent ice-cream, and local goat cheese, are scarce. Most residents consume either UHT (ultra-pasteurized) milk, imported from Europe or powdered milk. Butter, gouda cheese, and margarine are imported and are almost always available. Other imported cheeses such as edam, camembert, brie, swiss and roquefort can occasionally be found in the supermarket and in some of the more exclusive mini-markets. Employees generally buy things whenever they see them, and maintain a stock in their own freezers and store room. Prices in general are higher than in U.S. supermarkets. See the consumables list for suggestions of what foodstuff to bring to Cape Verde.
Baby food is available, but not in the varieties and styles seen in the U.S. Disposable diapers are also available but tend to be poorer quality. Occasionally good quality imported brands are available such as Huggies, but are more expensive here than in the U.S. Ship a good supply of non-perishables, and consider a blender or food processor to make your own baby food at home.
Casual dress for men is slacks and sport shirts. Everyday dress is more American than African. Nevertheless, African dresses and shirts, such as those popular in Senegal and other West African nations, are worn in Cape Verde.
Long dresses are rarely worn. Women generally find blouse and skirt/slacks comfortable for everyday wear. Hosiery is rarely worn and thus is difficult to find. Suits or luncheon/cocktail dresses are suitable for more formal occasions. Informal social functions require only skirts and blouses/tops. There are some local boutiques that sell a variety of attractive shoes, leather purses and accessories, and clothes. However, clothing styles and sizes are somewhat different here than what might be worn in the U.S.
American brands of toiletries and sundries are not often available. A limited supply of French African or European brands is usually in stock. Bring your preferred brands of makeup, OTC medicines, shampoo, mosquito repellant, vitamins, sunscreen, etc. If you have preferences in cleaning products, ship them in consumables. Keep in mind that cleaning is usually done on a daily basis and cleaning supplies are used in large quantities by the maids and are very expensive to buy in Cape Verde. Bring more than you would generally use in the U.S., especially furniture polish.
With the evolution of technology, the internet and the music industry as a whole, the process and pretenses under which artists record and release their music in 2018 is as fluid as ever. In contrast to the late 90s and early aughts, when massive marketing and promotional campaigns signaled the impending release of a major label album months ahead of schedule, the past decade has been defined by a more streamlined, D-I-Y approach, with even the biggest and most bankable stars in music shunning the industry red-tape and opting to deliver music whenever and however they felt like it. 2b1af7f3a8